The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on the Productivity of the Balkan Countries


  • Klodian Muço Aleksander Moisiu University, L.1, Rruga e Currilave, Durres
  • Enzo Valentini University of Macerata, “Department of Social Sciences, Communication and International Relations”, Macerata
  • Stefano Lucarelli University of Bergamo, “Department of Management, Economics and Quantitative Methods“, Bergamo



Foreign Direct Investment, Productivity, School Enrollment, Balkan Countries


Balkan countries are trying to attract foreign direct investment, hoping that foreign enterprises, besides employment, will also convey their know-how. This will later be transferred to their national industries, where it is expected to increase productivity.
This paper examines the effects of foreign direct investment on productivity
growth, university enrollment and unemployment in eight Balkan countries: Albania, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Romania and Slovenia.
The empirical analysis shows significant results about the positive impact of both investments and FDI on productivity growth in the respective countries. Additionally, the data show a positive impact of FDI on university enrollment, but not a negative correlation between FDI and unemployment. Furthermore, the results confirm that FDI effects may have positive consequences in the host country depending on its level of economic development and institutional quality.