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Economic Transition in Algeria: A Review

Abdelkader Nouibat


The issue of economic transition in Algeria was reviewed in this paper. The actions taken by the government to speed up the transition process were examined in light of whether the State was able to move away from protecting old premises of the rentier state and establish a free and productive economic system. The review revealed the contradictions that the planning system of the 1970s had produced and how they eventually led to a transitional crisis. The other finding was that the effectiveness of the transitional institutions, laws, mechanisms, and the dynamism of country’s external trade sector were undermined by the inconsistencies of contradictory and often overlapping privatization schemes, the predatory nature of the private sector, and the country’s imbalanced external trade and finance. And last, but not least, the national natural resources doctrine sustained the mechanisms of the rentier state and became an obstacle to easing up the economic transitional process.


, Economic Reforms, Economic Transition, Market Socialism, Market Economy.

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