A Study on Work Attitudes of Japanese Employees from the Perspective of Decent Work
Keywords:Decent work, Work attitudes, Job satisfaction, Job involvement, Employability, Career plan, OJT, Off-JT, HRM, Japanese companies
The study analyses work attitudes of Japanese employees from the perspective of decent work. A survey was conducted in respect of Japanese employees working in engineering and retailing companies. In the study the following questions are asked: What determinants make Japanese employees feel their work to be decent work? What are the consequences for Japanese employees and companies, if decent work is actualized ? Currently, decent work is the key concept in respect of the activities of the International Labour Organization (ILO). In this study, decent work is defined as work of high quality, in which employees feel a sense of achievement, enjoy communication with colleagues and have support for work-life balance. The study clarifies the predictors and outcomes of decent work satisfaction for employees. From the results of multiple regression analysis, employability through off the job training (Off-JT) and on the job training (OJT) opportunities are important predictors satisfying decent work. The variable of the industry also contributes to decent work satisfaction for them. Additionally, high decent work satisfaction could lead to high job involvement for them. Finally, the study suggests effective Human Resource Management (HRM) proposals for Japanese companies from the perspective of decent work.
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