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New Functions of Universities in Century XXI Towards “Fourth Generation” Universities

Miklós Lukovics, Bence Zuti

Abstract


Nowadays, many successful examples prove that universities have
a significant role in the enhancement of different regions. The competitiveness of
regions is affected and altered by globalization and other background processes that
serve as arrangers of regional structure and for this reason they deserve attention.
The modern economic development demands that due to the increased engagement
towards the society and economy, the traditional activities of the universities should
be diversified.
To be able to optimally exploit their potential regarding economic development, the
presence of an outstanding educational culture it is necessary but not sufficient. It is
also necessary to maintain high standards in quality regarding research activities and
to promote the utilization of results in the local economy. Beyond the well-known
typology of the first, second and third generation of universities that describe the above
mentioned processes, the concept of the „fourth generation” of universities emerged
in international literature that depicts interesting facts that are worth considering
regarding the economic development activities of universities. The goal of this study
is to review and systematize the active and passive activities of universities that
enhance the competitiveness of a given region.
We process the available ideas regarding the presence of „fourth generation”
universities and we attempt to integrate these into the scientifically accounted
framework of university generations.


Keywords


Universities - Economic development - Diamond-model Higher education

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14665/1614-4007-22-2-003

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