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Challenges of the International Agenda 2018 Humanity needs to strengthen the multilateral system

Fernando Ayala

Abstract


The international order that emerged in 1989 left the United States as the sole global power, which has since then been making itself felt by asserting hard power: political, economic and military. However, the current international scenario and the complexity of the interests of the great powers, as well as the so-called ‘regional powers’, are causing a process of mutation or readjustment of an international scene influenced by new threats to security that have alarmed the inhabitants of the big cities throughout the globe. The conflict zones are where these interests intersect, and the International Organizations are where diplomatic battles are being fought.


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https://elpais.com/internacional/2017/06/01/estados_unidos/1496343144_186083. html. President Trump said in 2012 that “The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese to make non-competitive manufacturing in the United States.”

https://elpais.com/internacional/2017/12/11/actualidad/1513019006_124306.html.

82.1% of Russians approve of Putin’s administration, according to the Russian Public Opinion Research Center in last May. Of these, 55.8% supported the government and 32% were critical.

https://es.portal.santandertrade.com/establecerse-extranjero/china/inversion-extranjera

At the celebrations for the 70th anniversary of the creation of the European Union today, its leaders highlighted having “70 years of peace in Europe”. They forgot to mention the Yugoslav civil war at the beginning of the 90s that left an estimated 200,000 civilians dead throughout the territory of the former Yugoslavia and 2.7 million displaced. The Muslim population of Bosnia was the most affected.

It is interesting to observe the reaction of the EU to the unilateral declaration of independence of the Catalan Parliament. With certain differences, the Parliament of Kosovo did the same in 2008, but was immediately recognized by the United States and most of the EU countries.

http://www.lavanguardia.com/internacional/20170630/423774044808/conflicto-eslovenia-croacia-bahia-piran.html

On December 16, 2017, 14 of the 15 members of the Security Council voted in favour of a resolution condemning the decision of the United States to move its embassy to Jerusalem. For the first time in 7 years Washington used its right to veto, and the US Ambassador warned that they would not forget the actions of these countries. Even the United Kingdom, the most faithful ally of the United States, joined in this condemnation. For his part, President Trump said: “They take our money and then vote against us. We will be observing those votes. The votes against us will save us a lot. We do not care”. https://elpais.com/internacional/2017/12/20/estados_unidos/1513796002_536422.html

http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/es/2015/09

Source: Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of Chile to the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, 2015 National Strategy on Water Resources 2012-2025


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"Journal Global Policy and Governance" ISSN online 2194-7740 / ISSN print 2194-7759

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