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Towards Continental Integration in Africa: Examining the capacity of the African Union Commission (AUC) Institution as a facilitating Tool

Daniel Taye Medoye, Mark I. Rieker

Abstract


This paper is an exploratory attempt to determine the capacity of the African Union Commission (AUC) as an organ of the African Union (AU) in facilitating the integration aspirations of African leaders on the continent. Considered a strategic organ of the AU, this study sets to examine the integrative capacity of the AUC and its ability to sensitise not only African leaders, but also wealthy Africans, notably in the private sector, to pool resources to catalyze efforts towards integration of the continent. This paper proceeds from the premise that, in post-colonial Africa, leaders of newly independent countries became increasingly associated with the idea of integration, and believes that with it, the quest for development on the continent would be facilitated. The authors predicated this inquiry on available and accessed literature to determine a departure from previous studies on integration in Africa and also provides a theoretical framework. This paper notes that at independence, some visionary African leaders foresaw a need for integration as a mechanism for realizing the lofty goals and expectations of the population. These include, good governance – embedded in the principle of rule of law – respect for human rights; provision of security and improvement in the standard of living, all aimed at fostering unity and integration on the continent. Unfortunately, the current situation, with respect to the socio-economic and political well-being of the peoples on the African continent is far from these envisaged results after several decades of political independence. The authors noted scholars’ acknowledgement that African’s integration efforts over the years have not yielded clearly noticeable and significant success especially with the emergence of challenges of widespread poverty, political misrule resulting in unbridled corruption, endemic diseases, and the sit-tight syndrome of African leaders. Furthermore, it is a generally held view that the pursuit of an integration strategy as a way to facilitate the realization of the objectives of African leaders in meeting the expectations of their peoples has not yielded satisfactory outcomes. The authors viewed the AUC as an organ that plays an interventionist role through policy advocacy which proposes and recommends policies and programmes for the consideration of African leaders during their plenary sessions towards pursuing their integrative goals. The study submits that, if accorded a near-supranational status, the AUC has the potency to galvanise resources and support to facilitate the desired integration of the African continent.


Keywords


Integration; Functionalism; Neo-functionalism; Inter-governmentalism; Supranationalism

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14666/2194-7759-6-1-003

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